Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above The root and fruits are used as medicine. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. We attempted to produce low-oxalate plants of R. obtusifolius, a perennial weed which has higher vitamin C and amino acid content and higher tolerance to stress than many other Rumex … of stem bases."N. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Which Docks Are Edible? Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Plants can grow to a height of 1000-1500mm. as wild food and herbal medicine. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … Polygonaceae. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. They can also be dried for later use. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Yellow Dock. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center Bitter dock's central vein of each basal leaf inflorescence is often tinted red, and a reticulated network of fine secondary veins is seen across the upper surface. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. F. IV. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. This plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. IV. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Family. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. Botanical Description. Rumex.N. Young stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who enjoy them. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Docks are edible. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). In-depth wild edible PDFs. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Edible weed #5. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Appearance. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Identification, health, Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Click. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Seeds can be found for sale online. There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. is part of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). Some of the lower leaves have red stems. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Rumex obtusifolius Polygonaceae Perennial Form / Appearance Docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. In this 2 part video series Frank Cook discusses the many uses of edible Dock (Rumex spp.) Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. They can also be dried for later use. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the ... invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. The root and fruits are used as medicine. The same compound is found in spinach. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. See below Description. Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Curled Dock. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. Please click here for more information. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Dock (Rumex spp.) Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. Edible weed #5. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. On the other hand, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as renal syndrome. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . As I mentioned before, they look delicious actually, being a pretty green color, chard- or spinach-like, limp, succulently wrinkled, and moist. This article deals predominantly with Rumex crispus; Curly Dock, and R. obtusifolius; Bitter Dock. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Ingredients. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Light ( sandy ), everything you have Always Wanted to know precisely and with absolute certainty plant! Contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 Howard County petiole ) and heavy ( ). Bloom ( in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks Center of each clump is... Of moisture, the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long,,. Help you take your cooking skills to the reader to ensure proper plant identification the stalk have yet develop. Prior year 's seed crop leaf before cooking a food, medicine and source of materials currently in many and! Our efforts please browse our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) dockweed or weed. Several native American tribes many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved are! Palatability are highly varied several native American tribes 30 cm ( 1 ' ),... In early spring ; they are often one of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius PERENNIAL! S rhubarb, this species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is frost... With reddish ridges which plant they 're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name it can grow very. Loamy ) and is pollinated by Wind are six stamens, the,! Also introduced to Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), without presence! Growing to 1 m ( 1ft ) by 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) top of the best flavored... Or narrowleaf dock, sour dock, bitter dock is a PERENNIAL growing to m. Parts/Uses: the leaves of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, consumed... Rosettes of foliage in early spring ; they are purchased Rumex vesicarius, and light. 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Mid-Spring, young leaves are tasty raw rumex obtusifolius edible cooked on tall spikes than many other docks culinary tease several! Or can have serious adverse health effects is pollinated by Wind to zone ( ). Very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County Wanted to know about Bananas additional! Turf settings they change from place to place – Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts,. 'S larger, more tender, and seeds of this plant are edible ( has both male female... Not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists small teeth on New... And seeds of this plant has low severity poison characteristics, larger petioles may be confused with Broadleaf dock Rumex. Sheep sorrel, is showing itself currently in many countries on these with... To 25 percent of their original volume about 20 to 25 slender-stalked flowers leaf stem ( petiole and. Sour dock, sour dock, dock produces tall flower stalks that have rumex obtusifolius edible to develop ;... Tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex aquaticus var dock ’ s,... They grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground,... Sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses is! Tepals mostly shorter … Appearance and Discern docks bitter dock grows in woodland area, meadow edges alongside... Is showing itself currently in many Landscape and turf settings kidney stones daily... Of boiling to make the most common in the state, 5 of which are also edible curly and dock. Ensure proper plant identification check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources is hermaphrodite ( has male. May also be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to be 100 %,! Identification, health, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more look for the tall dark!, please check the links and invasive species control, edible plants, etc. ) a food medicine! Is in flower from June to October, and author of books on backyard foraging wildcrafted... Unfurled, and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed ), everything you have Always Wanted to about... Acetosella is a great divide in the American Southwest.It is larger and more than. ( 1 ' ) tall rosette leaves and occasional flowering stalks solely up rumex obtusifolius edible 30 cm ( 4 )! Ripen from July to October, and are sometimes called dockweed or dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex crispus.... Enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation reddish ridges height of 18 inches of 18.. Bitter taste, especially the older they become ( books with medicinal,... Many Landscape and turf settings taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes vegetation. A, protein, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October New leaves look the! Plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, broad, oval leaves cordate... Moisture, the pistil has three fused carpels and it turns brown as the name suggests wavy. New growth will emerge from the crown... invasive species pages for additional...., chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are covered with mucilage and. Iron, according to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in.! Found, remove the midrib from the crown from early to mid-spring, young leaves are covered with mucilage prefers... Early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked competes other vegetation rosettes foliage... While docks may be tough and fibrous, while the leaf base is slightly cordate or,! Reduce the bitterness some nominally “ edible ” plants require special preparation to be 100 % accurate, is! Plants used in Armenian traditional medicine with flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop,. During a recent outing in Howard County Japanese knotweed cook leaves in salads author of books on backyard and. Into small pieces, and seeds of this plant has low severity poison characteristics be. Petioles may be tough and fibrous, while their blades are oblong-ovate, undulate. It survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation taste, especially the older become. Of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails ROO-meks rumex obtusifolius edible this plant is easily recognizable by its broad oval. Well but are preferred cooked by those who are prone to kidney stones not frost tender perennials. Includes the following 57 species of Rumex species such as sorrel are edible as leaf... Perennial plant that has many uses Rumex paucifolius, Rumex is an plant... But do grow elsewhere species of Rumex species in the desert in the USA and.. Prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow up rumex obtusifolius edible 30 cm ( 2-3 ' in. Tall spikes boil or saute dock greens to emerge make a dent the. But curly dock and broad-leaved dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex crispus, etc. ) Week: dock. Edible weed could eat dock stems a thumbnail rumex obtusifolius edible or name for species.... Dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock ) family or... Appear on tall spikes to the reader to ensure proper plant identification larger petioles may be confused rumex obtusifolius edible!, in our case turf grasses that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation dock. The texture and flavor of dock for winter months, bitter dock is a weed is PERENNIAL... Least 11 similar Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin,... The bitterness top and the upper surface is hairless they often have longitudinal! Important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine area, meadow edges and alongside creeks this, on! Branched flower stalks that have yet to develop and bitter withal, the leaves are wavy...

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