To maintain a proper fertility program, it is important to know how much nitrogen is being delivered. St. Augustine grass is characteristically coarse with a light to medium green color. The primary species used in the U.S. is "Stenotaphrum secundatum". With a slightly finer texture than other St. Augustine types, Palmetto St. Augustine will grow in a variety of soil types and climate conditions. Required fields are marked. Various St. Augustine grass cultivars have been developed, including Floratam, Palmetto, Floratine, St. Augustine decline, Captiva, Raleigh, and Texas common. Please help. This coarse-textured, wide-flat bladed grass grows best in well drained, fertile soils and has an ability to grow in a wide range of soil pH levels (5.0-8.5). St. Augustine grass is semi-drought tolerant, and does best when watering is done only as needed. It can be cut at a height of three to four inches, and mowing frequency should be adjusted to the amount of growth, never removing more than one third of the height of the leaf blade while mowing. Although I do travel to Southeast Texas to examine St Augustine, I have not studied in depth or verified these causes or solutions because of limited access. It is always best to check with your local extension office to see which varieties are best in your location. Great Cross Sunrise Sky. Advantages & Disadvantages of St. Augustine Grass. The solution for thatch is to provide the conditions needed to compost organic matter - moist, cool, dark and windless conditions just above the soil surface where organic matter collects. Your email address will not be published. There is hope. One of St. Augustine’s major flaws is that it tends to develop thatch rapidly compared to other grasses. That being the case, it’s important to know exactly how to dethatch St Augustine grass before you get started. Mercedes St Augustine grass has an appealing Bluegreen hue, creating a dark, relatively dense turf. Sounds like a fungal problem, when the grass comes up in your hand it is usually either brown patch or grubs in St Augustine. It is grown by vegetative means, including plugs, sod, or sprigs. It has since been observed to be the most drought tolerant St. Augustine & brown patch tolerant. The lesions that appear on the grass became tan in appearance as the grass tissue dries out. Thatch. Thatch. St Augustine Florida. No more than 3 to 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet should be applied each year to St. Augustinegrass in sunny locations. It primarily consists of shed roots, stems and other grass debris. St. Augustine grass should only be watered once it is dry and showing signs of drought, typically every 5- 10 days. The stolons will sprout and root at the nodes that form every few inches along itâs length. It will give you all the information you need to know before use, what personal protection clothing you need and if it is safe around pets or children or how long they need to stay off the lawn. Click on the link to learn more about St. Augustine is most ideally suited for well drained, fertile soils but is easily adaptable to a range of soil profiles. The Beautiful Zoysia Grass Zoysia grass was imported from the Orient and has become one of the leading warm season grasses in the U.S. Click here to learn about this beautiful grass and tips on how to care for it. A thin layer of quality organic matter will feed the beneficial micro-organisms that, in turn, feed on the thatch. Slowly reducing mowing heights over several lawn mowing sessions is probably the safest method to control thatch in Saint Augustine grass. Here’s are pictures to help you identify St. Augustine grass: Bermuda Grass Identification (with Pictures) Wooden walkway receding over grass sand dunes with blue sky and cloudscape background, St. Augustine, Florida ST AUGUSTINE, FL - APRIL 9, 2018: Aerial skyline of St Augustine. The grass has a superior tolerance for heat and high adaptability to limestone shores and sandy soil. This characteristic allows Sapphire St. Augustine to recover from damage quicker than other St. Augustine grasses. It will have no effect of applied at the time insects are damaging your lawn. The most common St. Augustine grass used by Florida homeowners is Flortam. Once the stolon has securely rooted, you can cut the stolon and force the daughter plant to take on the role of a mother plant sending out more stolons. St Augustine grass is one of several grasses that can create thatch. ft. each month during the growing season. Rinse and repeat cycle = lots of $$$ for the sod farms. Tip. Take all root rot is a problem of wet soil, most prevalent during the planting stage, but can also occur in established grass. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Core aeration opens up the soil allowing water and air to reach the root zone. St. Augustine grass provides a lush green lawn and is recommended for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. There is no single reason or solution. Thatch is acidic, so if needed, an application of agricultural limestone will help prevent the development of thatch and reduce soil acidity. For best results, use a dethatcher with a 2- or 3-inch blade spacing set at a ¼-inch depth after the turf has fully greened-up. Other insects pests include sod webworms, cutworms, grub worms and mole crickets. It's really no big deal, the grass will grow back, trust me, I know. These diseases occur because of too much moisture near or on the grass, over-fertilization and lack of essential nutrients. St. Augustine grass seed needs to be kept moist while it is establishing. The city attracts 3 million tourists annually Great shade tolerance is one of the reasons it is preferred over bermudagrass. This type of grass is often found in full sun locations, but it flourishes in other parts of the lawn, especially with a reputation for living in shady conditions. Thatch is a layer of organic material, like stems and dead roots, that accumulates in a patch of grass. Lawn Winterization Tips and Techniques Fall winterization is the most important time for fertilizing cool season grasses. Find out what can be done to save your lawn and your pet too. The leaves are broad with a rounded tip and, when properly cared for, grow tightly together to create a dense carpet. I often get questions about St Augustine Grass runners growing on the grass surface or sticking up in the air. While many other St. Augustine grass types have a thick, coarse appearance when viewed up close, Bitterblue is finer, solid turf. Brown patch is a disease in hot, humid weather. The only non-fungal disease that often attacks St. Augustine grass is the viral SAD (St. St Augustine also has poor drought tolerance and will not always hold its color without irrigation. St. Augustine doesn’t need a lot of water, it just needs it consistently. The Bayleton fungicide, as well as others, are labeled for many diseases that effect St Augustine. Care must be taken because St Augustine spreads by above ground stems and the dethatching may remove too many healthy stems, especially if they are not rooted. Good, well drained soil is necessary for planting and growing. If you examine your grass you should be able to determine if the grass is growing on soil or thatch. It spreads over long runners or stolons. Over-fertilization of mature turf only encourages thatch, insect and disease problems. Some fast-growing grasses like St. Augustine grass and Kentucky bluegrass are more prone to thatch than other varieties, especially when grown in compacted or heavy clay soil. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. Always follow the label directions and wear all required personal protection equipment and clothing. It would be great if one day a good St Augustine grass seed was developed. The layer of dead plants that stay on top of the soil is called thatch. The roots wonât take hold in the soil for a couple of weeks, so it will need to be watered carefully to keep from drying out. A good biological control for white grubs, sod webworms and cut worms is the microbial insecticide called âBaccilus Thuringensisâ. St Augustine varieties that are available for the public. Check with companies in your area to see. If you have more than a half an inch of thatch, or decomposed plant material, its time to dethatch. Oldest Wooden Schoolhouse. More About. It is not a good grass for sports fields because of its low wear tolerance, so its primary use is for home or business lawns. 14 12 0. St. Augustine grass grows best in the warmth of spring and summer, when high temperatures are normally 80-100 °F. Organic Lawn Fertiliztion The popularity of organic lawn care is increasing. The daughter plants will be a clone of the mother plant. Originially engineered in the 1930s, the Bitterblue grass is sometimes confused with another variation, Floratam. Stolons are above ground stems that grow horizontally. Nitrogen will only feed the fungus. As humidity decreases and weather dries out, the disease subsides and the grass usually recovers. Get helpful advice and step by step directions for the best possible results. If using stolons, the stolons must be covered over with a thin layer of dirt except for the grass blades. I believe that I lost a considerable portion (70%) of my newly installed Palmetto St. Augustine yard to TARR (root rott). Thus re-sodding is common in this type of grass. A standard method is checking for chinch bugs is by cutting out the ends of a large coffee can. It does not produce any rhizomes. Despite this, it is capable of surviving through drought conditions. It will, however, slow in growth as the soil drops in temperature. Plant St. Augustine grass during summer. This promotes deeper root growth and helps the grass survive longer without water during periods of drought. St Augustine grass is one of several grasses that can create thatch. Usually, more than one half inch of thatch on general turf areas decreases the turf vigor by restricting movement of air, water and fertilizers into the soil. 21 28 0. Fungicides must be applied in the early stages of disease development for best results. 6 13 0. 21 18 2. Overgrown thatch is a common problem in St. Augustine grass lawns. This type of grass and Palmetto (covered at #4) are big money makers and the sod farms will sales pitch them to your unsuspecting lawn man all day. If you reside in a region that experiences frosty weather, this variety of grass isn't right for you. Plugging and sprigging are other ways of planting St Augustine grass. A 1-inch layer of thatch can restrict the movement of air, fertilizer and water that is in the soil. Applying excessive fertilizer also enhances thatch formation and makes the grass more attractive as a food source for chinch bugs. Centipede Grass - The Lazy Man's Grass Centipede grass is a low maintenance, low fertility and slow growing turf grass that is adapted to the southern coastal regions of the U.S. Click here for detailed information on how to plant and care for this grass. In this post we will discuss the 5 most common types of St. Augustine grass as well as the stuff you shouldn’t use. The least expensive method of irrigation is to water whenever the grass needs it. This is made worse for the homeowner when facing the problem of having to remove the thatch, which is a much more difficult task for Saint Augustine lawns than other grasses. The lawn should be watered immediately when edges of grass blades begin to curl, grass fails to spring back quickly when walked on, or the turf takes on a dull bluish-gray color. Sprigs are stolons, often called, ârunnersâ. Bermudagrass has very poor shade tolerance and will only grow a couple feet into moderate to heavy shade. St Augustine grass will go dormant when the soil temperatures fall below 55 degrees. Compared to other St. Augustine grasses, Bitterblue is a slow grower, and ideally it should be watered weekly. This is one of the reasons why its range ends west of Ft. Worth, TX where the climate becomes drier. The grass will tell you when it is time to water again. It is vigorous, establishes a ground cover rapidly, and has superior color. While most lawns only need to be de-thatched in extreme cases, St. Augustine will need it almost yearly in some areas. This could also prevent insecticides from controlling the target insects. St. Augustine grass does not usually form a thatch layer under the grass if it is mowed regularly. As long as the grass crown is not affected, the grass will grow out of it. Seville is considered a dwarf cultivar that is a much finer textured grass than Floratam. 1 of 3 Go to page. Using a rotary lawn mower, lower the mowing height so that the lawn mowing aggressively bites into the thatch of the grass. As for the type of care St. Augustine grass needs, this warm-season grass likes moisture and should be watered deeply. (sort-of) 3. If you know of a product you are considering, you can find the product label online. Floratam St. Augustine grass was found to be better than Common for the following reasons: You do not want to have Sapphire grass as your lawn. Seville tolerates salt, shade, and drought well. It grows horizontal and has a lot of above ground stems. St. Augustine grass is a popular dense turfgrass in Florida and hot coastal regions because of its lush appearance. Common and Improved Bermudagrass Bermudagrass is the most popular warm season grass in America. Over-fertilization is one of the biggest culprits in thatch build up. SAD (St Augustine Decline) is a disease that is caused by a virus. Like all grasses, St. Augustine grass has disease and pest related problems. St. Augustine Grass is very shade tolerant and makes a great choice for lawns that do not get ample enough sun for other species. Applying too much nitrogen encourages thatch to accumulate, making the turfgrass more vulnerable to disease outbreak and other environmental stress. If the grass is being started with plug or with stolons, apply 1 lb nitrogen per 1000 sq. Grass clippings decompose quickly and return significant amounts of nutrients to the soil. Brown patch, take all root rot, and grey leaf spot are all problems of St Augustine grass in wet, humid, summer weather. Being a warm-season turfgrass, St. Augustine grows best during summer. Being a warm-season turfgrass, St. Augustine grows best during summer. Should you power rake or de-thatch St Augustine grass? St Augustine grass requires approximately 4 to 5 lbs nitrogen per 1000 sq. Advantages & Disadvantages of St. Augustine Grass. Palmetto St. Augustine is widely known for it’s superior cold & drought tolerance. It make take a few minutes to see the bugs float up. With a little maintenance, the sod may soon grow into a luxurious St. Augustine lawn. St Augustine grass makes a beautiful light green to dark green turf. It begins as a 1 foot patch and can enlarge to several feet in diameter. In the case of insects, the Southern chinch bug is the most economically important pest affecting St. Augustinegrass. Seville, like all other cultivars of St Augustine grass, establishes quickly in most environments. Donât water heavily, you donât want to water log the soil. This past friday when i mowed the lawn the grass was coming up by the roots and now has turned completely yellowish orange. Apr 16, 2018 - Explore Simon Verdin's board "St Augustine grass" on Pinterest. Nitrogen fertilizer application on St. Augustine can range from 3 to 5 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet per year. You should, therefore, establish your lawn in mid-summer when conditions are great for the growth and spread of this grass species all over your lawn. Why this is a total waste of money. Bermudagrass is the most frequently overseeded warm season grass. Water deeply to wet the soil to a depth of 3 or 4 inches. Study your St. Augustine grass for clumping perennial weeds that have rough, hairy leaf sheath bases to identify dallisgrass. Floratam St. Augustine grass was released by the Florida and Texas Agricultural Experiment Stations in 1972 as a SAD virus and chinch bug resistant selection. If the problem doesn't go away you may need to verticut the lawn. With detaching st Augustine grass, the goal is to thin out the canopy and remove dead material. The can will lose water quickly as it absorbs into the ground, so make sure the water is always above the grass line inside the can. Thatch and St. Augustine Grass. A soil test will tell you what your soil pH is. The variety Amerishade is an example of a dwarf variety and can handle 1.5 to 2 inches mowing height. Donât mow until the grass has sufficient root and is anchored to the soil or it may lift and be cut by the mower blades. dont set the detacher too low, maybe 3/4" above soil. St. Augustine grass seed has not traditionally been easy to establish but new methods have made seeding a viable option. Old Galleon Ship Ship. I recommend you detach it by going over it just once. Part 1 of 3: Clearing the Planting Area. If you haven't planted yet and know you would prefer a lower cut, you can always try a dwarf species. The northern range of St Augustine grass ends north of Dallas, TX and in South Carolina on the east coast. Thatch is acidic, so if needed, an application of agricultural limestone will help prevent the development of thatch and reduce soil acidity. St. Augustine grass is usually dormant during the colder winter and fall seasons. The roots can't tell the difference between soil and thatch, so the new roots will frequently grow through the thatch. I am watering twice a day since i live in the very hot south texas. Many homeowners will turn to fungicides to address lawn issues. St. Augustine grass is a warm-season grass that is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. By its nature, St. Augustine creates a matted layer of stems and roots that looks much like thatch, but is actually part of its healthy anatomy. When to Plant St. Augustine Grass. Click here for detailed information on If you reside in a region that experiences frosty weather, this variety of grass isn't right for you. See more ideas about st augustine grass, st. augustine, grass. But don't go too low at once. This type of grass needs special attention to watering; which is we would recommend being a full time resident if you are to have this grass. For well drained, fertile soils but is easily adaptable to a depth of:! Variation, floratam drought tolerance and will only accelerate the damage tolerance heat! For it ’ s major flaws is that encouraging your St. Augustine grass a vigorous, coarse grass. 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Save my name, email, and herbicides have difficulty penetrating the thatch of the most drought tolerant St. lawns! Being found in several countries and islands from Africa to Australia a bluish color. The reasons why its range ends west of Ft. Worth, TX and in south Carolina to north central marks! And lack of essential nutrients popularity of organic lawn care: We need to know to take care of lawn... Moss will stick around tilled ground and warm season grass use the following reasons: has!